Maute Group dan Jaringan Keluarga dalam Kelompok Islam Radikal di Filipina Selatan

Putu Agung Nara Indra

Abstract


Abstrak

Perjalanan konflik antara pemerintah Filipina dengan kelompok-kelompok separatis di Filipina Selatan memunculkan beragam kelompok militan Islam seperti MILF, Abu Sayyaf, dan yang paling mutakhir, Kelompok Maute. .Banyaknya kelompok militan yang muncul berawal dari perpecahan-perpecahan di dalam kelompok-kelompok militan tradisional di Filipina Selatan khususnya MNLF dan MILF. Fenomena perpecahan ini akhirnya memunculkan kelompok-kelompok sempalan yang kerap terlibat pertempuran di antara mereka sendiri. Di sisi lain, kelompok-kelompok tersebut justru memiliki latar belakang ikatan keluarga yang sangat erat. Tulisan ini menyoroti tentang peranan jaringan keluarga di dalam keberadaan kelompok-kelompok militan di Filipina Selatan khususnya Kelompok Maute. Kelompok Maute dapat berkembang pesat karena pendiri dan sebagian besar anggotanya memiliki hubungan keluarga dengan kelompok Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Ikatan keluarga ini akhirnya menjadi pelindung sekaligus faktor penting bagi berkembangnya radikalisme Kelompok Maute.

Kata kunci: Filipina Selatan, kelompok radikal Islam, MILF, Kelompok Maute, ikatan keluarga.

 

Abstract

The history of conflict between Philippines government and separatist group in Southern Phillipines area has formed many radical Islamic groups such as, MILF, Abu Sayyaf, and Maute group. The emergence of these groups was caused by the schism in the older militant groups such as MNLF and MILF. However, the disunity of the older militant groups and the emergence of the so called “splinter groups” finally created conflicts among them. On the other hand, those groups bear resemblance in their family origins. This article highlighted the family networking inside the radical Islamic groups especially the Maute group. This group can grow rapidly because of the family bond between their founders and members with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The family bond became their protector and also vital point for the rise of radicalism in the Maute group.

Keyword: Southern Philippines, radical Islamic groups, MMILF, Maute group, family bond. 

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v13i2.2719.187-200

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