Disaster Diplomacy as an Alternative Approach for Indonesia's Instrument of Foreign Policy in ASEAN

Arfin Sudirman, Animbyo Cahya Putra

Abstract


ASEAN is one of the regions with the highest rate of disaster vulnerability. Tsunami 2004 has triggered the momentum for Indonesia and ASEAN to deal with disaster-related issues more seriously. Losses and casualties from the catastrophe led to the decision by Indonesian government to put disaster prevention and risk reduction as a priority. Indonesia continues to encourage and supporting ASEAN in order to improve the region’s capability to deal with natural disaster. Through AADMER (ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response) that was signed in July 2005, ASEAN held an unequivocal and defined base in any efforts of disaster management, especially in the ASEAN region. Through Qualitative Methodology, this paper will discuss about how the disaster diplomacy of Indonesia contributes to the improvement of ASEAN’s capability in the disaster management, but also examines BNPB as both the backbone and the focal point of Indonesia’s disaster management, which then leads up to how disaster can abolish certain diplomatic hurdles, as well as improving regional cooperation, and strengthen the Indonesia’s position as a key country in regional disaster management.

Full Text:

PDF

References


AHACentre, 2016. ASEAN Strengthens Its Collective Preparedness to Respond to Large-Scale Disasters. [Online]

Available at: http://ahacentre.org/blog/content/asean-strengthens-its-collective-preparedness-respond-large-scale-disasters

[Accessed 03 Januari 2017].

AHACentre, n.d. FAQs. [Online]

Available at: http://www.ahacentre.org/sites/default/files/FAQ%20AHA%20Centre.pdf

[Accessed 07 Desember 2016].

Amaliah, N. R., 2016. Disaster Diplomacy Indonesia di ASEAN [Interview] (28 Desember 2016).

ASEAN, 2014. East Asia Summit (EAS) Statement on Rapid Disaster Response. [Online]

Available at: http://www.asean.org/storage/images/pdf/2014_upload/EAS%20Statement%20on%20RDR.pdf.

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

ASEAN, 2016. One ASEAN One Response: faster and collective response to disasters in and outside the region. [Online]

Available at: http://asean.org/one-asean-one-response-faster-and-collective-response-to-disasters-in-and-outside-the-region/

[Accessed 28 November 2016].

BNPB, 2015. PDNA dan Ina PDRI Referensi Panduan Rehab-Rekon ASEAN. [Online]

Available at: bnpb.go.id/home/detail/2550/PDNA-dan-Ina-PDRI-Referensi-Panduan-Rehab-Rekon-ASEAN

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

BNPB, 2016 . TTX Ambon DiREx 2016: Uji EAS Toolkit Tanggap Darurat. [Online]

Available at: http://bnpb.go.id/home/detail/3161/TTX-Ambon-DiREx-2016:-Uji-EAS-Toolkit-Tanggap-Darurat

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

BNPB, 2016. Kerjasama BNPB dan AHA Center Dukung “One ASEAN One Response”. [Online]

Available at: http://bnpb.go.id/home/detail/2815/Kerjasama-BNPB-dan-AHA-Center-Dukung-%E2%80%9COne-ASEAN-One-Response%E2%80%9D

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

BNPD, n.d. Tugas dan Fungsi BNPB. [Online]

Available at: http://www.bnpb.go.id/profil/tugas-dan-fungsi

[Accessed 22 August 2016].

CFE-DMHA, 2015. ASEAN Disaster Management Reference Handbook. [Online]

Available at: https://www.cfe-dmha.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=3ZJKfisgWnk%3D&portalid=0

[Accessed 18 October 2016].

EMBASSY.GOV.AU, 2016. Australia dan Indonesia Uji Pengaturan Bantuan Internasional dalam Latihan Tsunami. [Online]

Available at: http://indonesia.embassy.gov.au/jaktindonesian/SM16_080.html

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

GFDRR, 2012. ASEAN: Advancing Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance in ASEAN Member States: Framework and Options for Implementation. [Online]

Available at: http://www.gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr.org/files/documents/DRFI_ASEAN_Appendices_June12.pdf

[Accessed 17 November 2016].

INA-DRTG, n.d. INA DRTG. [Online]

Available at: http://pusdiklat.bnpb.go.id/post/ina-drtg

[Accessed 29 Desember 2016].

Kelman, I., 2003. Beyond disaster, beyond diplomacy. In: M. Pelling, ed. Natural Disasters and Development in a Globalizing World. London: Routledge, pp. 110-123.

Kelman, I., 2007. Disaster diplomacy: Can tragedy help build bridges among countries?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.ilankelman.org/articles1/ucarq07dd.pdf

[Accessed 09 July 2016].

Kelman, I., 2014. Does Disaster Diplomacy Improve Inter-State Relations?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.e-ir.info/2014/11/04/does-disaster-diplomacy-improve-inter-state-relations/

[Accessed 10 August 2016].

Kelman, I. & Gaillard, J., 2012. The failure of disaster diplomacy. [Online]

Available at: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2012/04/370_109998.html

[Accessed 21 July 2016].

Kelman, I., Glantz, M. & Paxton, R., 2008. Learning Lessons From Disaster Management Diplomacy. [Online]

Available at: http://www.disasterdiplomacy.org/pb/diplo2008.pdf

[Accessed 20 July 2016].

Kelman, I., Glantz, M. & Paxton, R., 2008. Learning Lessons From Disaster Management Diplomacy. [Online]

Available at: http://www.disasterdiplomacy.org/pb/diplo2008.pdf

[Accessed 20 July 2016].

KEMLU, 2011. Indonesian-Australian Paper:A Practical Approach to Enhance Regional Cooperation on Disaster Rapid Response. [Online]

Available at: http://www.kemlu.go.id/Documents/Indonesian%20-%20Australian%20Paper/Indonesia-Australia%20Paper%20-%20A%20Practical%20Approach%20to%20Enhance%20Regional%20Cooperation%20on%20Disaster%20Rapid%20Response.pdf.

[Accessed 30 Desember 2016].

KOMPAS.COM, 2014 . Ini Cerita SBY Ketika Menangani Bencana Tsunami Aceh. [Online]

Available at: http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/12/26/18293161/Ini.Cerita.SBY.Ketika.Menangani.Bencana.Tsunami.Aceh

[Accessed 20 Januari 2017].

Lantu, G., 2016. Disaster Diplomacy Indonesia [Interview] (28 Desember 2016).

lavell, C. & Ginnetti, J., 2014. The Risk of Disaster-Induced Displacement in South-East Asia and China. [Online]

Available at: http://www.internal-displacement.org/assets/publications/2014/201410-south-east-asia-china-technical-report-en.pdf.

[Accessed 03 Desember 2016].

Maarif, S., 2012. Pikiran dan Gagasan Penanggulangan Bencana. Jakarta: BNPB.

MOD.GOV, 2016. Terms of Reference ASEAN Militaries Ready Gropun on Humanitarian assistance and Disaster Relief. [Online]

Available at: http://mod.gov.la/10thADMM/assets/4.7.1-tor-on-amrg-as-of-201604222.pdf

[Accessed 04 Januari 2017].

Renner, M. & Chafe, Z., 2006. Aceh: Peacemaking after the Tsunami. [Online]

Available at: http://www.worldwatch.org/node/3930

[Accessed 19 August 2016].

Saul, H., 2014. Mount Kelud eruption: Why is Indonesia the hottest spot on the Ring of Fire?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/mount-kelud-eruption-why-is-indonesia-the-hottest-spot-on-the-ring-of-fire-9128148.html

[Accessed 20 Desember 2016].

UNISDR, 2012. Disasters are "greatest threats to our national security". [Online]

Available at: http://www.unisdr.org/archive/29378

[Accessed 11 Juli 2016].

Weinbaum, A., Stamperdahl, B. & Parks, T., 2007. Three Years Later, Conflicts in Tsunami Areas Have Taken Very Different Directions. [Online]

Available at: http://asiafoundation.org/2007/12/19/three-years-later-conflicts-in-tsunami-areas-have-taken-very-different-directions/

[Accessed 19 Januari 2017].

Xinhua, 2005. Chronology of important events in Indonesia's Aceh. [Online]

Available at: http://en.people.cn/200508/15/eng20050815_202565.html

[Accessed 19 Januari 2017].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v14i1.2772.%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional by Universitas Katolik Parahyangan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at this Website.

Print ISSN Online ISSN

Print ISSN: 2615-2562 / Online ISSN: 2406-8748


Flag Counter