The Collaboration Between Indonesia and Pasific Island Countries in Facing Environmental Challenges

Vrameswari Omega W, Stanislaus Risadi Apresian, Elisabeth Dewi

Abstract


Permasalahan lingkungan masih menjadi isu utama bagi negara-negara di Kepulauan Pasifik. Kawasan ini dikenal sebagai salah satu yang paling rentan terkena bahaya alam dan perubahan iklim di dunia.[1]  Penelitian terbaru menunjukkan bahwa setidaknya 8 pulau di Samudera Pasifik telah tenggelam akibat naiknya permukaan air laut.[2]  Ancaman serupa pun terjadi di Indonesia. Sebagai negara yang terletak di kawasan Pacific Ring of Fire dan dikelilingi tiga lempeng tektonik menyebabkan Indonesia menjadi wilayah yang rawan bencana. dampak perubahan iklim telah mengancam sekitar 2000 pulau akan tenggelam sebelum tahun 2050.[3] Melihat pada tantangan dan ancaman yang dihadapi oleh negara-negara di kepulauan Pasifik dan Indonesia, membangun kerja sama yang konstruktif untuk mengatasi permasalahan lingkungan yang terjadi menjadi hal yang penting. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi tantangan-tantangan keamanan lingkungan yang dihadapi oleh negara-negara kepulauan Pasifik, memetakan kerja sama yang sudah dilakukan antara Indonesia dengan kawasan Pasifik, dan mengelaborasi mengapa kerja sama ini penting. Penelitian ini mengandalkan metode kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui studi literatur. Penelitian ini berpendapat bahwa kerja sama yang dilakukan melalui kerangka kerja sama Selatan-Selatan dan Triangulat merupakan upaya untuk memperkuat peran Indonesia dalam menjalin hubungan dengan PICs dan untuk mengatasi tantangan lingkungan.


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v14i1.2834.137-148

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