Ergonomi Partisipasi dalam Memprediksi Tingkat Kesediaan untuk Perubahan Kualitas Hidup Keluarga Tukang Sampah/Pemulung

Helena Juliana Kristina, Agustina Christiani, Ishak Ishak, Meli Puspitasari


Bintara – Bekasi is one area where garbage becomes a source of living for people staying in that area. There are approximately 200 families living in Bintara traditional material recovery site.  This facility is managed by 10 bosses, who rent  land to collect trash. Each boss manages 17 -20 families. Their main jobs are scavengers and trash collectors in the neighbourhood area. The type of this research is experimental research, because there are no available data yet so that data have to be created first. The result of this research can be used to develop innovation  in order to increase the quality of life of the trash collectors community.Total participants are 14 families who have been working as scavengers for more than 5 years  in Bintara. The first questionnaires were developed to measure attitude, intention and behavior to have a changing quality of life, based on the theory of reasoned action. The second questionnaires were developed to predict the level of knowledge, orientation and motivation of participants. The first part of education theme consisted of four modules: biopore absorption hole, making compost and local microorganism , handicraft from recycled materials and planting vegetable seed in  used plastic container. The second education materials are delivered into several scenarios, including:  together nurturing the material recovery site as the economic source of families, together nurturing the surrounding environment for the health of community, together maintaining good attitude (greet and respect each other, willingness to listen, eagerness to learn, willingness to cooperate, and openess),  occupational safety and health as well as the concept of separating organic and inorganic waste at the source. The implementation of these modules was quite successful because the participants were willing to follow the education process and participate actively.   Overall,  the attitude, intention and behavior  of the participants on education process were strongly positive, although there were decreasing score on the final measurement.  The decreasing score was influenced by the education process that has been conducted before, because some participants were facing difficulties in implementing the education  materials in their daily lives, they were reluctant due to extra energy needed to implement it, and the hot environment  that makes them feel tired rapidly. The family  background of the  participants were farm workers in Karawang and Indramayu, where they thought  farm workers were more difiicult to make a living.  They considered that being scavengers and trash collectors gave them more economic benefit , so that they do not want to do any more work related to cultivate soils and planting crops.

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