WADASAN AS AN ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENT IN GUA SUNYARAGI WATER PARK, CIREBON

Fransiska Paramarini W. S. ; Kamal A. Arief

Abstract


Abstract- Taman Air Gua Sunyaragi was established for The Sultan Cirebon and family to meditate and
recreation. The purpose of this research is to know the use of Wadasan at Taman Air Gua Sunyaragi and its
availability in Cirebon at this time. This research aims to maintain existence of Wadasan at Taman Air Gua
Sunyaragi also existence of Wadasan in Cirebon.
This research used three theories, theory of function from Schulz, theory of semiotic from Charles Jencks
and atmosphere from Peter Zumthor. The method used is qualitative, comparative and descriptive with
architectural approach (function) and material. Data collection was done by interview technique and direct
observation in the study case.
Architecture of Taman Air Gua Sunyaragi compared by Java-The Middle East-Chinese styles. Taman
Air Gua Sunyaragi consists of elements, stone, brick, water and vegetation likes landscape of Chinese Water park.
The sacred atmosphere within the complex is created by using Wadasan. Wadasan has an architectural function
as a building envelope, circulation barrier, and sculpture. Wadasan combined by water serves as temperature
controller to reduce the ambient temperature. The stone used as Wadasan has a variety of types but has the same
character. Some Wadasan’s materials is hard to find in Cirebon, but can be replaced with a race on the character
Wadasan. Function of water park in Taman Air Gua Sunyaragi can’t run properly because of the loss of water
element. Wadasan treatment at Taman Air Gua Sunyaragi is done by attaching the loose rocks and providing
water with high pressure to remove moss.
Key Words: Sunyaragi, Water Park, Wadasan, Character, Rocks

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