Publication Ethics

RISA (Riset Arsitektur) is a peer-reviewed journal published by Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Parahyangan Catholic University. In order to ensure the compliance with academic standards and acknowledgment of all parties involves in the act of publishing: the contributor, the editor, reviewer, and the publisher; we implement ethical guidelines to manage publishing process of an article in RISA. The ethical guidelines concerning the publication of an article in RISA refer to COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and The Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers (https://www.journals.elsevier.com/asia-pacific-journal-of-sports-medicine-arthroscopy-rehabilitation-and-technology/policies-and-guidelines/publication-ethics-and-publication-malpractice-statement).

We, as the publisher, assure that our duties and responsibilities of guardianship over all phases of publishing will constantly be in accordance with the ethical guidelines and values of Parahyangan Catholic University. We guarantee that the advertisement, reprint or other commercial revenue will not influence editorial decisions. If required, the Editorial Board will assist the communication process with other journal and/or publishers.

 

Tasks and responsibilities of Contributors

 

Reporting standards

Contributors should present an accurate, objective and comprehensive description and discussion regarding their original research in their manuscript. The manuscript should encompass adequate details and references that enable others to replicate the process of research. Editorial opinion or perspective pieces need to be evidently recognized. Fraudulent or inaccurate claims are considered as unethical and unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Contributors may be requested to provide the raw data used in their research to support the materials described in their manuscript and enable the data to be publicly available if possible. Contributors need to ensure the data to be accessible to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after the date of the publication. While the data should be accessible, it is important to ensure that the confidentiality of the participants and legal rights relating to proprietary data are not violated.

Originality and plagiarism

Contributors should be able to guarantee that the manuscript they have written and submitted is an entirely original work and if it contains the works and/or statements of others, they have been appropriately cited. Influential publication(s) that primarily guide(s) the nature of research reported in the manuscript should be properly cited as well. Plagiarism that can appear in many forms, which include (but are not limited to), “passing off” another’s paper as the contributor’s own, copying essential parts of another’s paper without acknowledgment and claiming findings from the work performed by other researchers, is considered as an unethical and unacceptable act.

Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/ publication

Papers containing substantially the same work are not allowed to be published in more than one journal or primary publication, therefore contributors are not permitted to submit a manuscript for consideration that has already been covered in another publication. Submitting a manuscript concurrently to more than one publication is considered unethical and unacceptable. In certain cases, it is justifiable to publish some articles in more than one journal by using the same data of research provided that specific requirements are met; these cases will require the author(s) and editor(s) of the journals to make a particular agreement concerning the publication of the articles.

Authorship of the manuscript

Contributors that can be listed in the manuscript are those who are in accordance with the authorship criteria concerning taking public responsibility for the content: (i) give significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, data collection and analysis or interpretation of the results; and (ii) wrote and/or revised the manuscript critically for strengthening intellectual content; and (iii) have read and approved the final version of the manuscript to be submitted for publication. All experts or professionals who have made an essential contribution to the research described in the manuscript (such as technical support and editing assistance) but who do not meet the authorship criteria cannot be listed as authors but should be mentioned in the “Acknowledgements” section after obtaining their written consent. The corresponding contributor should guarantee that all appropriate co-contributors (referring to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-contributors have been included in the author list. The corresponding contributor also should ensure that all co-contributors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript to be submitted for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Contributors need to –at the earliest stage possible- disclose any conflicts of interest that might be interpreted as having the possibilities of influencing the results or their interpretation presented in the manuscript. Potential conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) financial ones such as funding educational grants, membership, consultancies, employment, paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangement, and non-financial ones such as professional relationships, affiliations or beliefs concerning the materials discussed in the manuscript. All sources of financial support of the research described in the manuscript should be stated (including the grant number or other references if applicable).

Acknowledgment of sources

Contributors should properly acknowledge the roles of other experts or professionals assisting the process of research and writing of the manuscripts and cite influential publication(s) that primarily determine(s) the nature of the reported research. Information collected privately must not be used or mentioned without any kind of consent from the source. Contributors should not disclose confidential matters unless they have gained permission (in the form of written and signed letter) from involved authorities.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the research described in the manuscript entails chemicals, procedures or instruments possessing any unusual hazards in their use, the contributors should obviously identify these in the manuscript.  If the research described in the manuscript entails the act of animals or human participants, the contributors should ensure that all procedures had been conducted in accordance with relevant laws, regulation, and guidelines and approved by an authoritative institution(s). Contributors also need to include a statement in the manuscript describing that informed consent has been obtained for an experiment involving human participants, by referring to the privacy rights.

Peer review

Contributors are required to take part in the peer review process and totally cooperate by giving prompt responses to editors’ requests and/or suggestions regarding contents, raw data, clarifications, ethics approval, participant consents, and copyright permissions. Contributors need to respond to the comments for the reviewer(s) systematically and in a timely manner and subsequently amending and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline proposed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When contributors find any significant error or inaccuracy in their published work, they are obliged to promptly inform the journal’s editor(s) or publisher and cooperate with them to either revise the paper by implementing an erratum or retract the paper. If the editor(s) and/or publishers identify that a published work presents a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the obligation of the contributors to promptly amend or retract the paper, or supply evidence regarding the correctness of the original paper to the editor(s).

 

Tasks and responsibilities of Editors

 

Fair and independent editorial

Editor(s) evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively based on their academic merit and the relevance of the materials contained in the manuscripts to the theme and scope of the journal, regardless of the race, ethnic origin, gender, religious belief, citizenship, sexual orientation, political philosophy or institutional affiliation of the contributors. Decisions regarding the process of editing and publishing are not controlled by any other agencies or institutions outside of the journal. The Editor-in-Chief holds a full authority in deciding the editorial contents and publication timing of the journal.

Confidentiality

Editor(s) and editorial staff must not and will not disclose any information regarding a submitted manuscript to anyone except to the corresponding contributors, reviewers, advisors, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editor(s) and editorial board members will not utilize any unpublished information in a submitted manuscript for the purposes of their own research without the explicit written consent from the contributor(s). Privileged information or ideas acquired by editor(s) as a result of managing the manuscript will remain confidential and not be utilized for personal advantages. Editor(s) should not utilize unpublished materials in a submitted manuscript for the purposes of their own research without written consent from the contributor(s). Editor(s) will pull out themselves from evaluating manuscripts in which they possess conflicts of interest as results from relationships with the contributor(s), companies or institutions related to the paper; and the editor(s) will assign another member of the editorial board to check the manuscript.

Publication decisions

The editor(s) need(s) to ensure that all submitted manuscripts that are intended to be published will undergo peer-review involving at least two reviewers having expertise in the field related to the materials in the manuscript.  The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for making a decision regarding which of the submitted manuscripts will be published, based on the validation of the research, its importance to readers, comments from the reviewers and certain legal requirements such as copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may discuss with other editor(s), reviewer(s) or parties in making this decision.

Involvement and cooperation in investigation

Editor(s) (together with the publisher and/or society) will perform necessary acts when ethical issues are raised in relation to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every report concerning an unethical publishing behavior will be investigated, even if it identified several years after publication. If an ethical issue is confirmed, then a correction, retraction or relevant expressions, will be published in the journal.

Tasks and responsibilities of Reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions

Peer review process, as an essential element of formal academic communication that resides at the center of the scientific enterprise, supports editor(s) in making decision regarding the manuscripts and publication and may guide contributor(s) in amending their manuscripts. 

Promptness

Any invited potential reviewer who feels unsuitable or unqualified to review the research described in a manuscript or recognizes that a prompt review will be impossible should immediately inform the editors about declining the invitation so that the editor(s) can contact alternative reviewers.

Confidentiality

Any reviewed manuscripts should be treated as confidential documents that must not be shown to or discussed with others. Discussion can be justifiable if it is authorized by the Editor-in-Chief under exceptional and specific circumstances. This applies to invited reviewers declining the invitation as well.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be performed objectively and feedback should be supported with strong arguments so that contributors can use them for amending the manuscript. It is inappropriate to convey personal criticism concerning contributors.

Acknowledgment of sources

Reviewers should be able to recognize relevant published work that has not been cited by the contributors. Any reported statement or description in previous publications should include the relevant citation. A reviewer should also inform the editor(s) concerning any substantial similarity or overlap between the reviewed manuscript and any other manuscript (whether it has been published or not) of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Any potential reviewer who might have conflicts of interest from relationships with the contributor(s), companies or institutions related to the paper; should immediately inform the editor(S) about the conflict and decline the invitation so that the editor(s) can contact other potential reviewers. Reviewers should not utilize unpublished information in a submitted manuscript for the purposes of their own research without written consent from the contributor(s). Privileged information or ideas acquired by the reviewer as a result of managing the manuscript will remain confidential and not be utilized for personal advantages. This applies to invited reviewers declining the invitation as well.

Tasks and responsibilities of the Publisher

Handling of unethical publishing behavior

The publisher, collaborating with the editor(s) will take all necessary acts to clarify the situations related to cases of scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, and to correct the article in question. These acts include the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the retraction of the published work.  The publisher and the editor(s), shall take required steps to identify and prevent the publication of works involving research misconduct and under all circumstances should not encourage any misconduct to occur.

Access to journal content

The publisher assures the availability and accessibility of published papers by cooperating with institutions and maintaining our digital archive.