KONTROVERSI STRICT LIABILITY DALAM HUKUM PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN

Johannes Gunawan

Abstract


This paper, using a comparative law method, discusses the controversy concerning the meaning and interpretation of strict liability as found in the Indonesian Consumer Protection Law.  How in Indonesia this concept is understood will be compared to how the same concept (strict liability) is developed within the Dutch civil law system and the common law system (especially in the United Kingdom(UK)and United State of America (USA)).  A brief description of the meaning and development of the concept in Indonesia will be given, including the historical trajectory of the concept within those different systems and the important case laws in the Netherlands, UK and USA.  All this will provide a background for the author to discuss and criticize the strict liability concept as found regulated in Law No. 8 of 199 on Consumer Protection.


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References


Buku:

Agnes M. Toar, Tanggung Jawab Produk dan Sejarah Perkembangannya di Beberapa Negara, Makalah Penataran Hukum Perikatan II, Dewan Kerjasama Ilmu Hukum Belanda dengan Indonesia, Proyek Hukum Perdata, Jogjakarta, 1988.

Alistair M. Clark, Product Liability, Sweet & Maxwell, 1989.

Arthur S. Hartkamp, Civil Code Revision In The Netherlands 1947-1992.

A.S. Hornby, Oxford Advanced Leamer’s Dictionary, West Group, St. Paul, Minn., Seventh Edition, 1999.

Greville Janner, Janner’s Complete Product Liability, Gower Publishing Company Limited, England, 1988.

Jane Stapleton, Product Liability, Butterworths, 1994.

Karel W. Brevet, Product Liability, Chapter 22 Ducth Businnes Law, Kluwer 1991

Purwahid Patrik, Beberapa Segi Tanggung Gugat Perdata Dalam Perbuatan Melawan Hukum, Tanpa Tahun.

Warren Freedman, Product Liability, Van Nostrand Renhold Company Inc., New York, 1984.

Jurnal/Majalah:

F.J. De Vries, Product Liability, Recent Developments in Dutch Law, Varia Peradilan V, Volume 58, Juli 1990.

J. Clutterbuck, Karl Liewellyn and the Intelectual Foundations of Enterprise Liability, 97 Yale Law Journal 1988.

Official Journal of European Communities, No. L210.

Otto Baron van Wassennaer van Catwijkt, Product Liability in Europe, The American Journal of Comparative Law, Volume 34, 1986.

Lain-lain:

Hoge Raad, 1973 Netherlands Jurisprudentie, No 315.

The Law Commision, Privity of Contract: Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties, Consultation Paper No. 12, London, HMSO, 1991.

Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) s2-318; 2-316; 2 302, 2-719 (3); 2-607 (3) (a); 2-725




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25123/vej.3082

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