https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/issue/feed Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional 2022-06-27T15:20:41+07:00 Elisabeth Dewi jihi@unpar.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><img style="width: 200px; padding-right: 10px;" src="https://journal.unpar.ac.id/public/journals/8/cover_issue_393_en_US.jpg" align="left" /></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional (JIHI) is a periodical international relations journal that is published twice a year (March-May and September-November). JIHI is managed and published by Parahyangan Center for International Studies (PACIS) study Center supervised by the International Relations Department and funded by Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. This journal is nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (RISTEKDIKTI), <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1b2nKoCWZtieZqMIBwKtzVYYmUqu0sHWH/view?usp=sharing">No. 3/E/KPT/2019</a> (January 14, 2019) in SINTA 2 level (Science and Technology Index). JIHI has been assigned with DOI from Crossreff and in the <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2406-8748?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222614-2562%22%2C%222406-8748%22%5D%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22sort%22%3A%5B%7B%22created_date%22%3A%7B%22order%22%3A%22desc%22%7D%7D%5D%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22track_total_hits%22%3Atrue%7D">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">JIHI can be a reference and literature source for academicians in the International Relations area as it consists of articles and research reports on International Relations Issues. Articles and research reports are written by academics who are experts in fields like Security Studies, International Political Economy, Regime, International Organization, Gender and International Relations, Diplomacy, Media and International Relations, etc.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Articles that are received by the editorial board will pass through blind review process by External Reviewer. The articles that are considered appropriate to be published will be proceeding to the reviewing process. Articles that passed the reviewing process will be published online with the OJS system that can be accessed in our website and will be published in hardcopy too.</span></p> <div class="data"> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Journal title</td> <td width="70%">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Initials</td> <td width="70%">JIHI</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Frequency</td> <td width="70%">2 issues per year</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Prefix DOI</td> <td width="70%"><a title="crossref" href="https://search.crossref.org/?from_ui=&amp;q=2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.26593 <img src="https://i.ibb.co/T4xZdG6/crossref3.png" alt="crossref3" border="0" /> </a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Online ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2406-8748</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Print ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2614-2562" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2614-2562</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Editor in Chief</td> <td width="70%"><a> Elisabeth Dewi</a> [<a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=56964213700" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://image.ibb.co/i6QzrJ/Scopus_type_logo.jpg" alt="Scopus_type_logo" border="0" /></a>]</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Publisher</td> <td width="70%">Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Indonesia</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Citation analysis</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://www.scopus.com/results/results.uri?sort=plf-f&amp;src=dm&amp;st1=Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional&amp;nlo=&amp;nlr=&amp;nls=&amp;sid=bc6b876e5ac005574fc5d88aa89e4656&amp;sot=b&amp;sdt=cl&amp;cluster=scoexactsrctitle%2c%22Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%22%2ct&amp;sl=41&amp;s=ALL%28Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%29&amp;cl=t&amp;offset=1&amp;origin=resultslist&amp;ss=plf-f&amp;ws=r-f&amp;ps=r-f&amp;cs=r-f&amp;cc=10&amp;txGid=f75c13e42b8901cd99bdd491d2541af7" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a>, <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=1297" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Sinta</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=3bc0yLoAAAAJ&amp;hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/4603 Angela Merkel's Perception and Open Door Policy during the 2015 European Refugee Crisis 2022-03-21T06:08:46+07:00 Annisa Nabilatul Khaira sanabilakh@gmail.com Muhammad Yusra mhd.yusra@gmail.com Rifki Dermawan rifkidermawan@soc.unand.ac.id <p>When Europe was hit by the refugee crisis in 2015, Germany as the leader of the European Union implemented policies that contrasted markedly with those of other member countries. Through the Open Door Policy under the command of Angela Merkel, Germany voluntarily opened its borders so that refugees were able to enter its territory. Unfortunately, this policy triggered many protests and rejections from various circles. Among these were members of the general public, opposition parties, Merkel's own party, interest groups and the European Union as a regional umbrella for Germany. The determination of this policy did not involve the participation of the Bundestag (level I parliament) in a democratic manner, either. Despite the many objections that arose, Merkel remained adamant about defending and enforcing her controversial policy. This attitude reflects the existence of a separate perspective or perception that Merkel had in seeing the refugee crisis, so she established an Open Door Policy. This paper will shed light on how Angela Merkel's personal perception could have led to her choice of providing protection for refugees despite having to face various forms of resistance. By using the framework of the relationship between perception and decision-making according to Ole R. Holsti, it was found that belief and image systems influenced Angela Merkel's perception that Germany should be the main actor in responding to the refugee crisis that occurred in the European Union region and the rest of the world as well.</p> <p> </p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5654 Hollowness of Imagination: Common Sense and Democracy 2022-03-24T09:06:41+07:00 Ben Kristian Citto Laksana ben.laksana@vuw.ac.nz Lidia Kristi Agustina lidiakristiagustina@gmail.com <p>The transition to democracy in Indonesia has somehow resulted in a majoritarian democracy. By linking the legacy of the New Order regime with the current understanding of democracy, this paper attempts to comprehend and analyze how deeply the common sense of the New Order regime has been rooted in the lives of Indonesian people. The legacy of the New Order regime has been rooted in the personal lives of individuals because the regime implemented its values ​​in the realm of family structures and education systems. To help liberate the minds and souls of Indonesians and be truly democratic, society must be able to become autonomous. A critical pedagogical approach will help to lay bare the common sense and values ​​that have been instilled by the regime, so that people can live autonomously and side by side. Since democracy in Indonesia tends to favor the majority, this study proposes a critical pedagogical approach at every level of society to achieve a power sharing arrangement.</p> <p> </p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5255 Upholding Multilateralism: Indonesia’s Foreign Policy in Responding to Covid-19 Pandemic 2022-02-24T08:27:47+07:00 Luerdi Luerdi luerdi2202@gmail.com Azhari Setiawan azhari.setiawan@univrab.ac.id <p>The 2019 Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 has apparently become a new global challenge. Not only did the pandemic drive all actors to make response, but it also affected the relations among them. That Indonesia raised multilateralism in the unprecedented situation while more unilateral or populist actions taken by a number of states encouraged this research. This paper attempts to explain Indonesia’s foreign policy in upholding multilateralism to respond to the COVID-19. Such response was intended to mitigate the impacts caused by the pandemic. This research applied holistic constructivism in understanding the determinants of Indonesia’s foreign policy by investigating both domestic and international cause. This research utilized the qualitative method with an explanatory analysis. The findings show that such Indonesia’s foreign policy was driven by its identity constructed by both indigenous norm of ‘Gotong Royong’ and global norm of ‘International Health Regulation’. The norm-laden or identity-based foreign policy was leading it to uphold multilateralism which was considered appropriate in order to coordinate, collaborate and cooperate with international communities. In addition, Indonesia maintained its trust on and support to the World Health Organization as the most leading actor in health governance championing fight against the pandemic. This paper argues that the norm factors do matter in Indonesia’s foreign policy in facing uncertainties in the vulnerable and interconnected world. Through the case studied, this paper suggests that looking at the domestic actor as well as the state in international system help provide a better understanding on the state behavior in international relations.</p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/4362 Hydrosolidarity di Sungai Nil: Peran Nile Basin Initiative dalam Manajemen Sungai Lintas Batas 2022-02-19T09:57:20+07:00 Muhammad Aditya Purnomo adityapurnomo216@gmail.com <p>This article aims to explain the importance of NBI’s role in Nile River management. Transboundary basins are important water resources for 2 billion lives across the world. Those basins fulfil domestic water, drinking water, agriculture, industry, and electric generator needs. In north-east of Africa, Nile river plays the important role for its eleven riparian states. Nile river, being the longest river in the world, supports the lives of more than 300 million people, and the number is estimated to rise greatly in three to four decades in the future. The increase of population will affect the availability of water as the demands of agriculture, domestic, and industry grow. Nile riparian states realized that the best option in using, protecting, and managing the river in a sustainable and integrated manner is through international cooperation. In 1999, Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) was established with Nile riparian states as its member, with the purpose of facilitating discussions of cooperation regarding the management of the river. This article uses the theory of hydrosolidarity. Results show that NBI has important roles in Nile river management, namely in the creation of a cooperative institutional structure, supporting stakeholder participations, supporting data and knowledge sharing, and supporting integrations and linkages.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Hydrosolidarity; Nile Basin Initiative; Nile River; Transboundary River</strong></p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5672 Identification of New Southern Policy Narratives within ROK’s Digital Diplomacy toward ASEAN 2022-04-04T20:06:23+07:00 Ratih Indraswari indraswari.ratih@gmail.com Eunwoo Joo gabrielajoo@ewha.ac.kr <p>Republic of Korea (ROK) shifted its policy focus toward ASEAN through the New Southern Policy (NSP). As the core foreign policy to its southern neighbors, the NSP is envisioned to ‘elevate’ ASEAN status. The partnership has been backed by institutional and bureaucratic transformation to sustain the policy. Accordingly, ROK tapped on its digital resources to support this diplomatic engagement. Digital diplomacy, therefore, is an important strategy to engage the ASEAN public. However, does ROK's digital primacy is translated well to support NSP's digital diplomacy? This paper utilizes empirical explorative qualitative primary data collection of ROK's government tweets on two levels of analysis; towards domestic and foreign audiences. The finding confirms that domestic engagement is better. However, further scrutiny shows that within domestic narratives NSP is mainly used as a political tool. Meanwhile, on external engagement, this paper argues for ROK’s digital diplomacy deficit toward ASEAN. Not only does ROK's digital diplomacy strategy lack uniformity, but it also fails to create conversation about NSP.</p> <p><em>Keywords : ASEAN, Republic of Korea, New Southern Policy, Digital Diplomacy, Twitter</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/4514 Joe Biden’s Foreign Policy: What to Expect from the New United States President 2022-04-30T16:25:34+07:00 Rizky Ihsan rizky.ihsan@griffithuni.edu.au <p align="center"> </p> <p>Joseph Biden came to the oval office with his wealth of experience in government affairs, including as the chair in the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee. According to his campaign promises, the upcoming Biden administration’s foreign policy is aimed at improving the US’ international credibility based on liberal values. This article will further examine his political aspirations, based on the speech, campaign promises, and official statements. The argument is that although the US would be likely to embrace liberal values under his administration, international constraints may limit his ability in foreign policy agenda-setting. In managing its relations with China, for example, the US would be more likely to be driven by its interest rather than its values, particularly by continuing the anti-China coalition with its allies in the Indo-Pacific<em>.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p> </p> <p><em> </em></p> 2022-06-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional