Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona <p><img style="width: 200px; padding-right: 10px;" src="https://journal.unpar.ac.id/public/journals/8/cover_issue_393_en_US.jpg" align="left" /></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional (JIHI) is a periodical international relations journal that is published twice a year (March-May and September-November). JIHI is managed and published by Parahyangan Center for International Studies (PACIS) study Center supervised by the International Relations Department and funded by Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. This journal is nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (RISTEKDIKTI), <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1b2nKoCWZtieZqMIBwKtzVYYmUqu0sHWH/view?usp=sharing">No. 3/E/KPT/2019</a> (January 14, 2019) in SINTA 2 level (Science and Technology Index). JIHI has been assigned with DOI from Crossreff and in the <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2406-8748?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222614-2562%22%2C%222406-8748%22%5D%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22sort%22%3A%5B%7B%22created_date%22%3A%7B%22order%22%3A%22desc%22%7D%7D%5D%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22track_total_hits%22%3Atrue%7D">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">JIHI can be a reference and literature source for academicians in the International Relations area as it consists of articles and research reports on International Relations Issues. Articles and research reports are written by academics who are experts in fields like Security Studies, International Political Economy, Regime, International Organization, Gender and International Relations, Diplomacy, Media and International Relations, etc.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Articles that are received by the editorial board will pass through blind review process by External Reviewer. The articles that are considered appropriate to be published will be proceeding to the reviewing process. Articles that passed the reviewing process will be published online with the OJS system that can be accessed in our website and will be published in hardcopy too.</span></p> <div class="data"> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Journal title</td> <td width="70%">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Initials</td> <td width="70%">JIHI</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Frequency</td> <td width="70%">2 issues per year</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Prefix DOI</td> <td width="70%"><a title="crossref" href="https://search.crossref.org/?from_ui=&amp;q=2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.26593 <img src="https://i.ibb.co/T4xZdG6/crossref3.png" alt="crossref3" border="0" /> </a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Online ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2406-8748</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Print ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2614-2562" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2614-2562</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Editor in Chief</td> <td width="70%"><a> Elisabeth Dewi</a> [<a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=56964213700" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://image.ibb.co/i6QzrJ/Scopus_type_logo.jpg" alt="Scopus_type_logo" border="0" /></a>]</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Publisher</td> <td width="70%">Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Indonesia</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Citation analysis</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://www.scopus.com/results/results.uri?sort=plf-f&amp;src=dm&amp;st1=Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional&amp;nlo=&amp;nlr=&amp;nls=&amp;sid=bc6b876e5ac005574fc5d88aa89e4656&amp;sot=b&amp;sdt=cl&amp;cluster=scoexactsrctitle%2c%22Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%22%2ct&amp;sl=41&amp;s=ALL%28Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%29&amp;cl=t&amp;offset=1&amp;origin=resultslist&amp;ss=plf-f&amp;ws=r-f&amp;ps=r-f&amp;cs=r-f&amp;cc=10&amp;txGid=f75c13e42b8901cd99bdd491d2541af7" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a>, <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=1297" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Sinta</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=3bc0yLoAAAAJ&amp;hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> Parahyangan Center for International Studies en-US Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional 2614-2562 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This journal uses <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons license (CC BY)</a>. We allow readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author must be aware that the article copyrights will be fully transferred to Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional only if the article is accepted to be published in the journal through signing of the Copyrights Transfer Agreement. Authors are allowed to resend their manuscript to another journal or intentionally withdraw the manuscript only if both parties (JIHI and Authors) have agreed on the related issue. Once the manuscript has been published, authors are allowed to use their published article under Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional copyrights.</span></p> Festival Indonesia: Answer to Indonesian Public Diplomacy Towards Russian Citizens https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/4754 <p><em>As the Asia Rising phenomenon becomes more evident, Russia needs to look again to Asia for growth and strategic cooperation through the Far East Policy. Apart from traditional Far Eastern countries such as China, Japan, and South Korea, Indonesia as one of the Asian countries recently with a prominent future also does not waste Russia's market and strategic location that issued the policy. Indonesia respectfully maintains good relations with Russia to get more benefits and economic possibilities such as from the tourism sector. The Indonesian Festival is one of the instruments imposed and utilized by the Indonesian government to achieve the nation's economic interests. This article aims to explain that the "Indonesian Festival" event is a form of public diplomacy and Indonesian economic diplomacy, especially in the tourism sector. This article uses public diplomacy as an analytical tool accompanied by qualitative research methods. This article concludes that the presence of the "Indonesian Festival" as a form of public diplomacy has a positive impact on Indonesia's positive image towards Russian citizens, which leads to an increase in Russian tourists to Indonesia, an increase in "sister city" cooperation and cooperation in other fields.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: </em><em>Public Diplomacy, </em><em>Far East Policy, Festival Indonesia</em><em>, </em><em>Tourism</em></p> Achmad Ismail Darynaufal Mulyaman Rendy Sarudin Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 99 110 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.4754.99-110 Diaspora Indonesia dan Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah di Indonesia https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5017 <p><em>The world is facing the biggest health crisis in the 21st century which is the COVID-19 pandemic. International trade activities are disrupted due to the total lockdown to stop the spread of this pandemic outbreak. International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, and OECD showed the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic when economic growth will be decreased -4,9% to -6%. This also has an impact on the Indonesian economic sector which is dominated by the presence of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), namely the decline in export performance in line with the contraction of economic growth and purchasing power in various countries. Indonesia needs help not only from inside the country and from international cooperation with other countries, but the involvement of the entire community wherever they are is needed to jointly resolve this pandemic. Indonesian diaspora community that is scattered in various parts of the world can be one of the solutions. This research focuses on how does the Indonesian diaspora community that scattered across the United States and Germany help Indonesia’s MSMEs by taking advantage of foreign markets. Through collaboration between representatives of the Government of Indonesia offices in the United States and Germany with Indonesian diaspora groups, various assistances were found such as informing Indonesia's potential MSME products, bridging meetings with business actors abroad, and conducting promotional activities to increase the export potential of Indonesian MSME products.</em></p> Aknolt Kristian Pakpahan Gracelia Yoshanty Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 111 132 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.5017.111-132 Normalisasi Hubungan Israel dan Arab dalam Konteks Israel-Palestina https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/4451 <p><em>The normalization of relations between Israel and Arabs in the current decade is one of the obstacles in </em><em>the struggle for Palestinian independence. In 2020, Donald Trump has mediated between four Arab countries to </em><em>agree on normalizing relations with Israel. Behind this agreement, there are various interests of related Arab </em><em>countries, Israel and the US in the Middle East region. This study aims to explain how the normalization of </em><em>relations between Israel and the Arab state under the Trump administration and its impact on issues in the Middle </em><em>East region, as well as the struggle for Palestinian independence using a constructivist perspective. The research</em><br /><em>method used is qualitative research with a literature study approach. Based on the results of data analysis, the </em><em>normalization of relations between Israel and the Arab state is carried out based on elements of identity, interest, </em><em>intention, and values, so that the US is considered to play Israel as a political tool in the Middle East.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: Constructivist, Normalization of relationships, Palestinian independence, Donald Trump's political </em></strong><strong><em>policies, The interest of the 2020 United States presidential election.</em></strong></p> Anna Zakiah Derajat Toni Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 133 149 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.4451.133-149 Debt-Trap Diplomacy: How China's Capital Expansion Transforms Into Debt Trouble for African Countries https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5262 <p><em>Since the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was initiated in 2013, China under Xi Jinping has continued to expand its capital to various countries. This expansion is part of China’s strategy to shore up its position as a global major economic and political power vis a vis the United States. As nearly 70 countries have joined the BRI network, this economic cooperation scheme contributes to economic growth as well as helps to close the infrastructure gap. Nevertheless, not all countries experienced equal development through economic cooperation with China. Some are dependent and even facing a debt-trap as shown in the case of African countries. This article addresses the question why such economic cooperation has turned into a debt-trap for countries in the African region. Applying the concept of Structural Power in examining China’s investment in three countries namely Zimbabwe, Cameroon, and Djibouti, this article argues that the debt-trap has caused by the structural disparity between China as an investor and African countries as investment recipients. China, in this case, has a more dominant “good” aspect, while African countries are more in “need”. This article also contends that the debt-trap is a strategy carried out by Chinese government to dominate the African economies.</em></p> Faris Al-Fadhat Hari Prasetio Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 150 176 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.5262.150-176 Norm Entrepreneurs in Human Rights Campaign: The Study of KontraS and Imparsial https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5705 <p><em>Civil society organisations or CSOs are unique compared to other groups. They help advocate the society by mentoring, raising public awareness, and campaigning values to improve the quality of understanding the public issues. By analyzing the rejection of the death penalty, this study examines the role of KontraS and Imparsial as norm entrepreneurs in human rights campaigns. Both view the death penalty as incompatible with the universal human rights norm, and the government should comprehensively pay greater attention to this issue. With this belief as a rationale, KontraS and Imparsial are motivated to promote the rejection of the penalty as depicted in their campaigns. The two organizations conduct malicious actions like criticism, demonstration, and collaborative strategies such as research, education, and community empowerment in human rights campaigns. This paper is qualitative research using an intensive literature review combined with in-depth interviews. The findings revealed that both succeeded in overspreading counter norms to create political debates regarding death punishment. However, due to the coalition’s socio-political dynamics and internal factors, KontraS and Imparsial failed to influence the actors and state policies to abolish the capital penalty.</em></p> Muh Afit Khomsani Ani Widyani Soetjipto Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 177 197 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.5705.177-197 Intention to Stay or Return? Motivation and Factors Influencing Indonesian Nurses Working in Japan https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5718 <p><em>In 2008, Japan agreed to recruit Indonesian nurses to work as nurses as a part of the Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJEPA). This study aimed to explore the motivation behind working in Japan and factors behind </em><em>the Indonesian nurses' intention to stay in Japan or return to Indonesia after the contract is terminated. This descriptive quantitative study used an online survey involving 103 respondents. Results revealed that a </em><em>high rate of remuneration and better working environment were the pull factors whereas low salarie, and poor working conditions in Indonesia were the major reasons why Indonesian nurses wanted to work in Japan. &nbsp;Of the 103 respondents, 71 % stated that they intended to remain in Japan, whereas 29 % preferred to return to Indonesia after the contract is terminated. The research only focused on one framework of Indonesian migrant workers (nurse). At the end, hopefully this research can be a comprehensive discussion of Indonesian nurse workers and enrich the study of international migration. </em></p> Susi Mariani Harahap Tedi Gunawan Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 18 2 198 218 10.26593/jihi.v18i2.5718.198-218