Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona <p><img style="width: 200px; padding-right: 10px;" src="https://journal.unpar.ac.id/public/journals/8/cover_issue_393_en_US.jpg" align="left" /></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional (JIHI) is a periodical international relations journal that is published twice a year (March-May and November-December). JIHI is managed and published by Parahyangan Center for International Studies (PACIS) study Center supervised by the International Relations Department and funded by Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. This journal is nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (RISTEKDIKTI), <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1b2nKoCWZtieZqMIBwKtzVYYmUqu0sHWH/view?usp=sharing">No. 3/E/KPT/2019</a> (January 14, 2019) in SINTA 2 level (Science and Technology Index). JIHI has been assigned with DOI from Crossreff and in the <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2406-8748?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222614-2562%22%2C%222406-8748%22%5D%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22sort%22%3A%5B%7B%22created_date%22%3A%7B%22order%22%3A%22desc%22%7D%7D%5D%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22track_total_hits%22%3Atrue%7D">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">JIHI can be a reference and literature source for academicians in the International Relations area as it consists of articles and research reports on International Relations Issues. Articles and research reports are written by academics who are experts in fields like Security Studies, International Political Economy, Regime, International Organization, Gender and International Relations, Diplomacy, Media and International Relations, etc.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">Articles that are received by the editorial board will pass through blind review process by External Reviewer. The articles that are considered appropriate to be published will be proceeding to the reviewing process. Articles that passed the reviewing process will be published online with the OJS system that can be accessed in our website and will be published in hardcopy too.</span></p> <div class="data"> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Journal title</td> <td width="70%">Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Initials</td> <td width="70%">JIHI</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Frequency</td> <td width="70%">2 issues per year</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Prefix DOI</td> <td width="70%"><a title="crossref" href="https://search.crossref.org/?from_ui=&amp;q=2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.26593 <img src="https://i.ibb.co/T4xZdG6/crossref3.png" alt="crossref3" border="0" /> </a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Online ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2406-8748" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2406-8748</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Print ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2614-2562" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2614-2562</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Editor in Chief</td> <td width="70%">Angguntari Ceria Sari [<a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57205750108"><img src="https://image.ibb.co/i6QzrJ/Scopus_type_logo.jpg" alt="Scopus_type_logo" border="0" /></a>]</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Publisher</td> <td width="70%">Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, Indonesia</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Citation analysis</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://www.scopus.com/results/results.uri?sort=plf-f&amp;src=dm&amp;st1=Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional&amp;nlo=&amp;nlr=&amp;nls=&amp;sid=bc6b876e5ac005574fc5d88aa89e4656&amp;sot=b&amp;sdt=cl&amp;cluster=scoexactsrctitle%2c%22Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%22%2ct&amp;sl=41&amp;s=ALL%28Jurnal+Ilmiah+Hubungan+Internasional%29&amp;cl=t&amp;offset=1&amp;origin=resultslist&amp;ss=plf-f&amp;ws=r-f&amp;ps=r-f&amp;cs=r-f&amp;cc=10&amp;txGid=f75c13e42b8901cd99bdd491d2541af7" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a>, <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/detail?id=1297" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Sinta</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=3bc0yLoAAAAJ&amp;hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> Parahyangan Center for International Studies en-US Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional 2614-2562 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This journal uses <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons license (CC BY)</a>. We allow readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author must be aware that the article copyrights will be fully transferred to Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional only if the article is accepted to be published in the journal through signing of the Copyrights Transfer Agreement. Authors are allowed to resend their manuscript to another journal or intentionally withdraw the manuscript only if both parties (JIHI and Authors) have agreed on the related issue. Once the manuscript has been published, authors are allowed to use their published article under Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional copyrights.</span></p> Indonesia in Halal Tourism: Overcoming Challenges to Stay on Top https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/5651 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This paper analyzes the background of Islamic tourism in Indonesia using the concept of Islamic tourism by Din (1989) and to analyze the development of halal tourism, it uses the halal concept by Liu et al. (2018). The paper looks at how the Indonesian government managed to enter the list of top ten global halal tourism destinations in 2018, got on top in 2019, only to slip several notches below due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It also looks at how, by involving non-state actors such as those in the fashion and culinary industries, Indonesia has managed to climb back on top in 2023. Last but least, the paper also gives recommendations on what the government should do to maintain Indonesia’s number one position in halal tourism. </span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">Indonesia; halal tourism; Islamic heritage; travel; Muslim fashion</span></p> Isyana Adriani Jeanne Francoise Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 1 13 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.5651.1-13 Vaccine Diplomacy as New Soft Power Effort of US in Dealing with China in Southeast Asia https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/6109 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The COVID-19 pandemic and developed countries' response to the crisis reveal that the landscape of global health governance is changing into a political realm. As countries around the world struggle to secure vaccines to break the COVID-19 chain, superpowers are actively distributing vaccines internationally in an act known as "vaccine diplomacy". The US and China have shown political interests in vaccine diplomacy, which can be seen from the way the two countries respond to achieve vaccine diplomacy targets, especially in strategic countries or regions such as Southeast Asia. This article explains US vaccine diplomacy in Southeast Asia which is considered a form of containing US power against China's vaccine diplomacy which first distributed vaccines in Southeast Asian countries. The US conducts vaccine diplomacy to compete with Chinese vaccines in accordance with the relative advantages of US politics by bringing up various diplomatic actions, namely the discourse on booster vaccines. This research uses the literature review method and the concepts of vaccine diplomacy and counter-strategy diplomacy. The results showed that US vaccine diplomacy is driven by political interests. The agenda of the vaccine diplomacy visit contains a discussion of invitations to stem China's power in the Indo-Pacific and South China Sea. </span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> US; China; Vaccine Diplomacy; Soft Power</span></p> Ica Cahayani Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 14 36 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.6109.14-36 The Failure of Neoliberalism and the Free Market in Cryptocurrencies: A Case Study of South Korea's Role in the Crash of Terra Luna (LUNA) https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/6340 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This study investigates the failure of implementing neoliberalism and free market principles in cryptocurrencies, focusing on South Korea's response to the collapse of LUNA. Despite the promise of decentralization and peer-to-peer transactions inherent in cryptocurrencies, the collapse of LUNA highlights the limitations of unfettered market dynamics in ensuring stability and security. Using a qualitative research approach, this study examines the case of LUNA's collapse within the framework of neoliberal and free market concepts. Drawing on secondary sources such as articles, news, and internet sites, the research sheds light on the complexities of regulating decentralized financial systems. The findings reveal that the South Korean government intervened in the cryptocurrency market following the LUNA collapse to prevent similar incidents and establish regulatory frameworks for crypto assets. This intervention underscores the need for government oversight to maintain market stability and protect investors in the face of market volatility and manipulation. Furthermore, the study discusses the broader implications of these findings for cryptocurrency regulation and neoliberal economic policies. By examining the tensions between decentralized finance and neoliberal principles, the research contributes to a deeper understanding of the evolving relationship between government intervention and market dynamics in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. In conclusion, the study highlights the importance of regulatory oversight in safeguarding the integrity of cryptocurrency markets and ensuring the long-term sustainability of decentralized financial systems.</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: cryptocurrency; Luna; South Korea; neoliberalism; free market</span></p> Ancellmus Mario Taruliasi Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 37 53 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.6340.37-53 Rasionalisasi Perang Dagang Amerika Serikat dan Tiongkok Ditinjau dari Teori “Chicken Game” https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/6803 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">This paper focuses on discussing the rationalization of the Trade War between the United States (US) and China from 2018 to 2022. The US and China action in the trade war were widely recognized as irrational, and given the negative impact on trade balance in both. The argument in this paper aims to prove that the protectionist policies of the both countries constitute a rational foreign economic strategic policy. The theory used to justify the aspect of rationality both uses Game Theory, namely the Chicken Game. On the other hand, the orientation of the Foreign Policy of the two countries which is considered rational, will be emphasized by the parameters of Cost and Benefit, by looking at the political motives being pursued for national interests by the US and China in the International Political Economy order. The methodology used in this paper is descriptive analysis, with a qualitative approach. The ideas to build arguments in this paper using previous literature reviews, with the narrative literature review method, according to relevant topics of discussion, concepts, and theories. On the other hand, as a justification for strengthening the parameters of the benefits of the both countries in the context of a trade war, this paper uses the Hegemonic Stability theory as benefit orientation for the US, as well as the Modified Structural theory from China's benefit perspectives.</span></em></p> <p><br /><strong><em>Keyword:</em></strong><em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Trade War; Cost and Benefit; Protectionism; Chicken Game; Foreign Economic Policy</span></em></p> Tino Rila Sebayang Kunkunrat Kunkunrat Apsha Lutvia Irza Aditya Putra Pratama Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 54 73 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.6803.54-73 Strategi Tiongkok dalam Memanfaatkan Momentum Kebijakan Larangan Ekspor Bijih Nikel oleh Pemerintah Indonesia https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/7156 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Indonesian government has enforced a prohibition on nickel ore exports since 2020. This study aims to illuminate China's strategic approach in capitalizing on this situation. China's strategy aligns its national interests with the domestic demand for nickel. Analytically, the framework of national interests sheds light on how Indonesia and China collaborate to satisfy their respective priorities mutually. China requires nickel supplies from Indonesia and seeks Chinese investment for Indonesia's nickel downstream initiatives. Employing a descriptive qualitative research design, this study draws upon secondary data sources to examine Chinese companies operating in Indonesia. While not all companies have websites, the research reveals that China leverages the momentum created by Indonesia's nickel export tires by investing in and expanding joint ventures with Chinese enterprises. China secures profits through these investments and business expansions while meeting its domestic nickel demand via imports from Indonesia. These joint ventures operate in industrial zones designated by the Indonesian government and are often funded by Chinese banks. This strategic interplay serves as a political tool for the Chinese government, leveraging its economic power and capital for broader national interests. Simultaneously, Indonesia wields its control over the world's largest nickel reserves to attract Chinese companies to invest in the nickel processing and refining sector within its borders.</span></em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Indonesia; National Interest; Tiongkok; Nickel; Export ban</span></em></p> M Roehman Zainur Riedho Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 74 95 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.7156.74-95 Reviewing the Foreign Policy of the Republic of Indonesia Through President Jokowi's Visit to South Africa in 2023 https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasiona/article/view/7626 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In August 2023, President Joko Widodo visited several African countries i.e. The Republic of Kenya, United Republic of Tanzania, The Republic of Mozambique and The Republic of South Africa. It was his first visit to Africa during his term since 2014. While the visit covered four African countries, this article discusses only his visit to South Africa where he attended the BRICS forum. In particular this article focuses on Indonesia’s multilateral diplomacy in the BRICS’ forum, the position of Indonesia in the global political stage and its role both at the global and regional levels. Despite Indonesia not yet becoming a member of BRICS, its presence in the BRICS forum in South Africa in 2023 shows that Indonesia’s position in the global political stage has been increasing. Moreover, the presence also opened an opportunity for Indonesia to establish the new direction of its foreign policy and diplomacy not only among BRICS member states but also with South Africa and other African countries for achieving the objective and interest of global in the future was very dynamic in everytime. </span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: President Joko Widodo; Indonesia; South Africa; Africa; BRICS</span></p> Rivaldi Zakie Indrayana Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-31 2024-05-31 20 1 96 107 10.26593/jihi.v20i1.7626.96-107