Indonesia Peluang Emas Pemenuhan HAM Melalui Demokrasi: Analisis Komparatif Rezim Pemerintahan di Filipina
Human rights compliance and implementation are determined by various factors, both material and non - material, including democracy. This statement is based on the fact that democracy stands as a media to channel people’s aspirations. Furthermore, democracy also upholds individual liberty. This paper argues that democracy becomes one of the crucial factors in human rights fulfillment, protection, and implementation of a country. Through the method of literature study, a comparative analysis will be made to examine two government regimes in the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino, respectively. The discussion starts with a general overview of democracy, followed by elaboration of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino governance as the main focus of this paper. In addition, the role of Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN) as a non-state actor will be further explained as one of the key factors of sustainability of human rights practice in the Philippines. To end the discussion, a deeper analysis will re-emphasize that democratic governance gives more guarantee to human rights fulfillment in the Philippines with some addition of possible solutions to ensure human rights protection in the regime of Ferdinand Marcos Jr. as the new president of Philippines. The result of this article shows that human rights implementation, especially in the Philippines, is highly dependent on the democracy system itself with the nascence and participation of Transnational Advocacy Networks (TAN) struggle in human rights.
Keywords: Human rights, Democracy, Philippines, Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN), Regime