Jurnal Sentris https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris <p style="text-align: justify; font-size: 12px;"><em>Sentris was declared in 2004 with the objective to facilitate students, especially International Relations students of Universitas Katolik Parahyangan, who are interested in academic writing. Sentris is published twice a year (March-May and October-December), managed and published by KSMPMI (Kelompok Studi Mahasiswa Pengkaji Masalah Internasional) under the supervision of Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional and International Relations Department, Parahyangan Catholic University. The word “Sentris” itself means “center”, with the hope that “Sentris” can be an independent center, especially for students who want to distribute and develop their ability in academic writing.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify; font-size: 12px;"><em>Sentris can be a credible literature reference for students especially in the International Relations field since it mostly focuses on International Relations issues. The writings published by Sentris are thoroughly blind reviewed by experts and academicians in respective areas such as <strong>International Politics and Security; International Politics and Economy; International Organizations and Regime; and Politics, Media, and Transnational Society</strong>.Thereupon, articles that successfully passed the reviewing process will be published online through the Open Journal System which can be accessed through Sentris website.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify; font-size: 12px;"><em>Our expectation is not only to give our finest to International Relations students and academicians, but also to the general society. Concisely, based on <strong>“</strong><strong>by students, from students, and for students</strong><strong>”</strong>, we always strive to be able to deliver our best effort through Sentris. We hope that Sentris can be adequately accepted and influence the heart of the readers.</em></p> Kelompok Studi Mahasiswa Pengkaji Masalah Internasional Unpar en-US Jurnal Sentris 0216-5031 Indonesia Peluang Emas Pemenuhan HAM Melalui Demokrasi: Analisis Komparatif Rezim Pemerintahan di Filipina https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6145 <p><em>Human rights compliance and implementation are determined by various factors, both material and non - material, including democracy. This statement is based on the fact that democracy stands as a media to channel people’s aspirations. Furthermore, democracy also upholds individual liberty. This paper argues that democracy becomes one of the crucial factors in human rights fulfillment, protection, and implementation of a country. Through the method of literature study, a comparative analysis will be made to examine two government regimes in the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino, respectively. The discussion starts with a general overview of democracy, followed by elaboration of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino governance as the main focus of this paper. In addition, the role of Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN) as a non-state actor will be further explained as one of the key factors of sustainability of human rights practice in the Philippines. To end the discussion, a deeper analysis will re-emphasize that democratic governance gives more guarantee to human rights fulfillment in the Philippines with some addition of possible solutions to ensure human rights protection in the regime of Ferdinand Marcos Jr. as the new president of Philippines. The result of this article shows that human rights implementation, especially in the Philippines, is highly dependent on the democracy system itself with the nascence and participation of Transnational Advocacy Networks (TAN) struggle in human rights. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: Human rights, Democracy, Philippines, Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN), Regime</em></strong></p> Alyaa Hasna Syifa Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-15 2022-12-15 3 2 Critical Summary Bab 8 "Propaganda" https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6313 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Garth S. Jowett dalam salah satu bab di bukunya yang berjudul </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Propaganda and Persuasion</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> berargumen bahwa propaganda merupakan suatu bentuk komunikasi yang dapat digambarkan sebagai sebuah proses yang sangat rumit dan kompleks. Proses propaganda sendiri dapat dikatakan berupa aliran pesan melalui sistem jaringan yang meliputi agen propaganda, berbagai media, dan jaringan sosial. Propaganda memiliki dampak potensial pada budaya pada titik mana pun selama proses berlangsung, dan tentu saja budaya pada gilirannya berdampak pada proses propaganda. </span></p> Daphne Andrea Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-15 2022-12-15 3 2 The Impact of AUKUS in Indonesian Perspective: Regional Military Balance and Security Dilemma https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6079 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Indonesia in issuing Australia’s plans to pursue nuclear-powered submarines and the launch of AUKUS as a new security grouping between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States aimed at promoting greater defense industry cooperation will be significant considerations for Indonesia. As one of Australia’s major neighboring country, one of Indonesia major concerns will be the significant impact on the region’s military balance. Not only will Australian nuclear-powered submarines will be able to undertake long-endurance, high-speed, stealth operations, but they could be equipped with upgraded missile systems. The Indonesian government viewed the submarine decision ‘cautiously’ and was ‘deeply concerned’ over the continuous arms race and power projection in the region.</span></em></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of this paper is to analyze how Australia’s decision to power up its maritime capability create a security dilemma for Indonesia that left Indonesia ‘jammed’ between two major powers. This could increase the tension in the region. As Indonesia believe the AUKUS will provoke China into developing more sophisticated anti-submarine which would generate anxiety for Jakarta. This could lead into arms race between major powers.The author uses qualitative research to find fact and answer research questions on Indonesia’s concern regarding AUKUS will trigger China and provoke arm race in the region and create security dilemma for Indonesia.</span></em></p> Alifsar Nurfauzi Frisca Lampita Muhammad Rizky Mahendra Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 90 103 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.6079.90-103 The Efficiency of Marijuana Legalization: Uruguay versus Canada https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6157 <p><em>ABSTRACT</em></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The legalization of cannabis has been a trend to be done by countries because it is seen as beneficial in many ways. Marijuana is seen as a drug which has less negative impacts, or can be said “manageable” hence receiving much support from the society to be legalized in a country. Cannabis legalization, either medical or non medical marijuana, is believed to positively impact the welfare of society. Uruguay and Canada are the first and second countries which legalized non medical marijuana through the establishment of a specific marijuana policy to regulate various activities related to marijuana. However, the established marijuana legalization policy has not necessarily proven to give advantages to society. In addition, the impacts of the legalization itself can not only be seen from the fact that the countries have legalized marijuana, rather how the legalization is regulated in the policy. Thus, this research will analyze how marijuana is legalized in the national policy of Uruguay and Canada, and compare the impacts of the policy towards human welfare through the perspective of Social Welfare Theory by Elizabeth Wickenden. </span></em></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> </span></em></p> Nada Gavrila Wasisto Sesilia Rainaputri Jans Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 104 117 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.6157.104-117 Circumventing Sanctions: The Impact of Sino-Iranian Relations On Iran Within The Middle-East Power Constellation (Case Study of Iran-Israel Proxy War in Syria) https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/5120 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Due to its hostile behavior in the Middle East, Iran has been sanctioned severely by the international community. Despite isolation attempts by the international community, Iran is nevertheless regarded as a powerhouse in the regional power constellation, owing to its actions in the Middle-Eastern proxy wars. Acknowledging the anomaly of Iran’s capabilities in spite of heavy sanctions, this research arguably shows how Sino-Iranian relations paves the way for Iran to circumvent sanctions. Subsequent to learning about China’s support for Iran, this research questions if the aforementioned support has an impact on Iran’s actions and status within the regional power constellation. Furthermore, this research also questions the influence of Iran and China’s relations towards the former’s ability in pursuing its aims through the Syrian proxy war against Israel in the account of international sanctions and condemnations. Guided by the concept of balancing by Stephen M. Walt and an exploitative model of proxy warfare theory, this research finds the Sino-Iranian relations as having a significant effect towards improving Tehran’s capabilities and acquisition of power in the Middle-East power constellation. Moreover, concerning the Iran-Israel proxy war, China’s actions are proven to mainly affect Iran and the Syrian civil war within the political sphere.</span></em></p> Patricia Patricia Kinanti Aristawidya Marchelle Adriani Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 118 141 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.5120.118-141 Managing The COVID-19 Pandemic: Health and Food Security of Rohingya Refugees at Kutopalong Camp, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/5128 <p><em>Research on "Managing The COVID-19 Pandemic: Health and Food Security of Rohingya Refugees in Kutopalong Camp, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh" is a recent study that seeks to explain the managing of COVID-19 from both the Bangladesh government and international organizations to Rohingya refugees in the Kutopalong Camp, Cox's Bazar, which focuses on health security and food security. This study seeks to provide a new, more realistic approach on how Rohingya refugees are handled in Kutopalong Camp during COVID-19 and when COVID-19 ends, of co,urse, by incorporating the concept of health security and food security as the theoretical basis of research. The discussion of this research was obtained using qualitative methods as well as comparing with previous research.</em></p> Raudatul Zanah AS M Hanif Abiyyu Handana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 142 153 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.5128.142-153 Rational Choice Theory: Reasons behind the Philippines-China Collaboration during Covid-19 Pandemic https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6129 <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">Relations between the Philippines and China are filled with conflict and cooperation. The conflict between the two countries can be seen from the conflict in the South China Sea, while the cooperation between the Philippines and China can be seen in the form of investment, loans, and others. With these dynamics, the author then finds an anomaly related to why the Philippines, which is in conflict with China in the South China Sea still wants to cooperate with China during the pandemic of COVID-19. Through this research, the author aims to find out the reasons behind the Philippines' desire to cooperate. The author then argues that the cooperation happens because of the material benefits that the Philippines has received and the benefit of social relations. In doing this research, the author uses rational choice theory from a journal written by Linda K George. By using rational choice theory, the author will further review what choices the Philippines faces so that it prefers to cooperate with China</span>.</em></p> <p><em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> </span></em></p> Evita Christiana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 154 167 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.6129.154-167 Colonial Legacy and Development: Reflection on Nigeria’s Oil Dependency and Economic Resilience amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic https://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/Sentris/article/view/6106 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;"><em>This paper argues that the lack of economic diversification caused by colonial practices serves as the cause of Nigeria’s dependency towards the oil sector, hence exacerbating their economic condition amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. What began as colonialism with the British Empire has carried out into today’s day and age as Nigeria’s economic vulnerability and dependency on its oil industry. Despite previous experiences in facing crises due to fluctuating global oil markets, it is apparent that the sector of mining and quarrying –including oil– still holds a great proportion of Nigeria’s domestic revenue sources, despite attempts to diversify the country’s economic portfolio. It is clear that Nigeria’s lack of diversification of economic sources as a colonial legacy makes the country more vulnerable towards crisis, especially in the context of COVID-19. Nigeria’s dependency on Oil in the wake of post-colonialism offers a good example of the vulnerable nature of economies that lack diversification. Furthermore, this study uses literature findings as its main source of data. One can also see literature comparison of the concept regarding the impact of neo-colonial frameworks towards former colonies.</em></span></p> Adzraa Andira Freya Harber Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 3 2 168 182 10.26593/sentris.v3i2.6106.168-182