Kritik terhadap Individualisme Metodologis dalam Ilmu Ekonomi
The advancement of mainstream economics, especially in neoclassical-Austrian school, can be traced back to the implementation of methodological individualism, a methodological doctrine stating that every explanation on the macro level (i.e. society, economy, and politics) is based on the foundation of explanation on the micro level (individual) as an ontological unit. This is a kind of ‘atomism’ that could be found clearly in Hobbes, JS. Mill, and the Austrian School. This methodology produces curva and modelling in economics. We might need to distinguish tightly between political individualism and methodological individualism. Political individualism starts from the general assumption that freedom contributes to the individual development and the prosperity of the society and brings forward some practical propositions to support it. Meanwhile, methodological individualism does not bring particular proposition and condition, but simply points to the means based on the process of economy in the action of the individual. This paper tries to construct a critical view concerning the methodological individualism in order to open the possibility for other methodologies in economics.
MELINTAS applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to articles and other works we publish. If you submit your paper for publication by MELINTAS, you agree to have the CC BY license applied to your work. Under this Open Access license, you as the author agree that anyone can reuse your article in whole or part for any purpose, for free, even for commercial purposes.
Users may share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) for any purpose, even commercially as long as they give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. They may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use. This facilitates freedom in re-use and also ensures that MELINTAS content can be disseminated without barriers for the needs of wider research fields.
If your article contains content such as photos, images, figures, and tables that you do not own, we will require you to provide us with proof that the owner of that content (a) has given you written permission to use it, and (b) has approved of the CC BY license being applied to their content. Please do not include any content in your MELINTAS article which you do not have rights to use, and always give proper attribution.