Joe Biden’s Foreign Policy: What to Expect from the New United States President
Keywords:Keywords, Foreign Policy, Joseph Biden, Liberalism, United States
Joseph Biden came to the oval office with his wealth of experience in government affairs, including as the chair in the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee. According to his campaign promises, the upcoming Biden administration’s foreign policy is aimed at improving the US’ international credibility based on liberal values. This article will further examine his political aspirations, based on the speech, campaign promises, and official statements. The argument is that although the US would be likely to embrace liberal values under his administration, international constraints may limit his ability in foreign policy agenda-setting. In managing its relations with China, for example, the US would be more likely to be driven by its interest rather than its values, particularly by continuing the anti-China coalition with its allies in the Indo-Pacific.
American Leadership | Joe Biden. Joe Biden for President: Official Campaign Website. (2020). Retrieved 10 December 2020, from https://joebiden.com/americanleadership/.
Avril Haines, Director of National Intelligence | President-Elect Joe Biden. President-Elect Joe Biden. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://buildbackbetter.gov/nominees-and-appointees/avril-haines/
Biden, J. (2020). Why I Chose Lloyd Austin as Secretary of Defense. The Atlantic. Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/12/secretary-defense/617330/
Biden, J. (2020). Why America Must Lead Again. [online] Foreign Affairs. Available at: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-01-23/why-america-must-lead-again, Accessed 27 November 2020.
Biden, J. (2020). American Leadership | Joe Biden. Joe Biden for President: Official Campaign Website. Retrieved 3 December 2020, from https://joebiden.com/americanleadership/
Breuning, M. (2007). Foreign policy analysis: A Comparative Introduction. New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan.
Brewin, C. (1988). Liberal States and International Obligations. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17(2), 321-338. https://doi.org/10.1177/03058298880170020201
Can Joe Biden turn around Trump's China policy in the Indo-Pacific? | DW | 12.11.2020. (2020). Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://www.dw.com/en/can-joe-biden-turn-around-trumps-china-policy-in-the-indo-pacific/a-55578701
China Party journal warns of trade war's impact on financial stability. FR. (2020). Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://fr.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-trade-idUSKCN1LH3B8.
Congressional Research Service. (2018). China-US Trade Issues. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33536.pdf
COVID-19 Vaccines Must Be Accessible for All Countries, Foreign Minister Says- Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. (2021). Retrieved 4 January 2021, from https://setkab.go.id/en/covid-19-vaccines-must-be-accessible-for-all-countries-foreign-minister-says/
Demconvention.com. (2020). Retrieved 10 December 2020, from https://www.demconvention.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/2020-07-31-Democratic-Party-Platform-For-Distribution.pdf
Diplomats Sound the Alarm as They Are Pushed Out in Droves (Published 2017). Nytimes.com. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/24/us/politics/state-department-tillerson.html
Dozier, K., & Hennigan, W. (2020). Donald Trump's Foreign Policy Leaves Behind Destruction — and Opportunity — for Joe Biden. Time. Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://time.com/5917389/joe-biden-foreign-policy/.
Ducharme, J. (2020). What Is Biden's Plan for Stopping COVID-19?. Time. Retrieved 6 December 2020, from https://time.com/5905502/biden-covid-19-plan/
Full text: China's Position on the China-US Economic and Trade Consultations - Xinhua | English.news.cn. Xinhuanet.com. (2019). Retrieved 31 December 2020, from http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/02/c_138110404.htm.
General Lloyd J. Austin III, U.S. Army (Ret.) | Carnegie Corporation of New York. Carnegie Corporation of New York. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.carnegie.org/about/trustees-and-staff/general-lloyd-j-austin-iii-us-army-ret/
Greenfield, J. (2019). One Important Thing Biden Just Figured Out. Retrieved 4 January 2021, from https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2019/12/19/biden-finds-his-footing-now-can-he-keep-it-088554
Ikenberry, G. (2011). Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order. Princeton University Press.
Indonesia and potential US president Biden. (2020). Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2020/08/21/indonesia-and-potential-us-president-biden.html
Jakes, L., Crowley, M., & Sanger, D. (2020). Biden Chooses Antony Blinken, Defender of Global Alliances, as Secretary of State. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/22/us/politics/biden-antony-blinken-secretary-of-state.html
Jake Sullivan, National Security Advisor | President-Elect Joe Biden. President-Elect Joe Biden. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://buildbackbetter.gov/nominees-and-appointees/jake-sullivan/
Joe Biden - Foreign Policy. Nytimes.com. (2021). Retrieved 6 January 2021, from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/politics/joe-biden-foreign-policy.html.
Johnson, J. (2020). Malabar military exercises with 'Quad' nations begin in message to China. The Japan Times. Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/11/04/asia-pacific/malabar-military-exercises-china-quad/.
Jokowi: Ketersediaan Vaksin Covid-19 Harus Jadi Fokus. (2020). Retrieved 4 January 2021, from https://mediaindonesia.com/internasional/360959/jokowi-ketersediaan-vaksin-covid-19-harus-jadi-fokus
Kemp, L. (2017). Better out than in. Nature Climate Change, 7(7), 458-460. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3309
Kirksey, S., & Harsono, A. (2008). Criminal Collaborations? Antonius Wamang and the Indonesian Military in Timika. South East Asia Research, 16(2), 165-197. https://doi.org/10.5367/000000008785260437
Lang, J. (2020). Biden, the Middle East, and the Restoration of the “Blob”. Harvard Political Review. Retrieved 13 December 2020, from https://harvardpolitics.com/biden-the-middle-east-and-the-restoration-of-the-blob/
Mead, W. (2020). Opinion | Biden’s Foreign-Policy Blast from the Past. WSJ. Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.wsj.com/articles/bidens-foreign-policy-blast-from-the-past-11594680389.
Mohan, C. (2010). Rising India: Partner in Shaping the Global Commons?. The Washington Quarterly, 33(3), 133-148.
Norrlöf, C. (2020). Is COVID-19 the end of US hegemony? Public bads, leadership failures and monetary hegemony. International Affairs, 96(5), 1281–1303. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiaa134
Oneal, J., & Russett, B. (1999). The Kantian Peace: The Pacific Benefits of Democracy, Interdependence, and International
Organizations, 1885-1992. World Politics, 52(1), 1-37. 9
Paul, J. (2018). The Quad: A Soft Balancing Mechanism in Asia. South Asian Voices. Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://southasianvoices.org/soft-balancing-asia/.
Profile: Who is likely next US secretary of State Antony Blinken?. Aa.com.tr. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.aa.com.tr/en/americas/profile-who-is-likely-next-us-secretary-of-state-antony-blinken/2060721
Peake, J. (2001). Presidential Agenda Setting in Foreign Policy. Political Research Quarterly, 54(1), 69.
Quinn, A. (2016). The world according to Trump. The World Today, 72(6), 12-15. doi:10.2307/45180765
Raja, A., Alshamsan, A., & Al-jedai, A. (2020). Current COVID-19 vaccine candidates: Implications in the Saudi population. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 28(12), 1743-1748. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2020.10.019
Schultz, D. (2019). American Foreign Policy in the Age of Donald Trump. Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review, 17(1), 11-34. doi: 10.2478/lasr-2019-0001
Scott, D. (2012). The “Indo-Pacific”—New Regional Formulations and New Maritime Frameworks for US-India Strategic Convergence. Asia-Pacific Review, 19(2), 85-109. 5
Slaughter, A., Jentleson, B., Daalder, I., Blinken, A., Brainard, L., Campbell, K., . . . Steinberg, J. (2008). (Rep.). Center for a New American Security.
Shin, H., Murakami, S., & Lewis, S. (2020, November 12). Biden reassures U.S. allies in calls with leaders of Japan, South Korea, Australia. Retrieved December 12, 2020, from https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-election-asia-allies/biden-reassures-u-s-allies-in-calls-with-leaders-of-japan-south-korea-australia-idUSKBN27S0EV
Smith, M. (2020). Who do people in Asia-Pacific want to win the US presidential election? | YouGov. Retrieved 4 January 2021, from https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles-reports/2020/10/15/who-do-people-asia-pacific-want-win-us-presidentia
States of America: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Covid19.who.int. (2021). Retrieved 6 January 2021, from https://covid19.who.int/region/amro/country/us
Strangio, S. (2020). Is Biden Preparing to Tweak the Indo-Pacific Strategy?. Retrieved 2 January 2021, from https://thediplomat.com/2020/11/is-biden-preparing-to-tweak-the-indo-pacific-strategy/
Suryahadi, A., Al Izzati, R., & Suryadarma, D. (2020). Estimating the Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 56(2), 175-192. doi: 10.1080/00074918.2020.1779390
The Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2020). Retrieved 7 January 2021, from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf
The White House. (2017). National Security Strategy of the United States of America (pp. 1-55). Washington DC.
Thomas-Greenfield, Linda. U.S. Department of State. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/biog/189469.htm
Timeline of Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran | Arms Control Association. Armscontrol.org. (2020). Retrieved 14 December 2020, from https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Timeline-of-Nuclear-Diplomacy-With-Iran.
U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Indonesia. (2019). 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Indonesia. Retrieved from https://id.usembassy.gov/2019-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices-indonesia/
Vice President Joe Biden. The White House. (2020). Retrieved 10 December 2020, from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/realitycheck/node/110
Wike, R., Fetterolf, J., & Mordecai, M. (2020). U.S. Image Plummets Internationally as Most Say Country Has Handled Coronavirus Badly. Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project. Retrieved 3 December 2020, from https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2020/09/15/us-image-plummets-internationally-as-most-say-country-has-handled-coronavirus-badly/
YouGov. (2020). 2020 US presidential election: view from Asia-Pacific (p. 2). yougov.co.uk. Retrieved from https://docs.cdn.yougov.com/pcjegign8n/YouGov%20-%202020%20US%20presidential%20election%20view%20from%20Asia.pdf
Zhang, Y., Chao, Q., Zheng, Q., & Huang, L. (2017). The withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement and its impact on global climate change governance. Advances in Climate Change Research, 8(4), 213-219. doi:10.1016/j.accre.2017.08.005
Key Elements of Joe Biden’s Plan for a Clean Energy Revolution | Joe Biden for President: Official Campaign Website. Joe Biden for President: Official Campaign Website. (2020). Retrieved 6 December 2020, from https://joebiden.com/9-key-elements-of-joe-bidens-plan-for-a-clean-energy-revolution/
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This journal uses Creative Commons license (CC BY). We allow readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author must be aware that the article copyrights will be fully transferred to Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional only if the article is accepted to be published in the journal through signing of the Copyrights Transfer Agreement. Authors are allowed to resend their manuscript to another journal or intentionally withdraw the manuscript only if both parties (JIHI and Authors) have agreed on the related issue. Once the manuscript has been published, authors are allowed to use their published article under Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional copyrights.