The Concept of the Universality of Islam and Catholicism and the Reality of Their Dynamics in Humanity

Authors

  • Martinus H.W. Adiyanto Pontificia Universitas Urbaniana Roma
  • Imanuel Bonaventura F.L. Universitas Katolik Parahyangan
  • Andreas Fajar Purwanto Universitas Katolik Parahyangan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26593/focus.v3i2.6122

Keywords:

Inclusivism, Tolerance, Fundamentalism, Textual analysis

Abstract

Human life is closely related to a pluralistic reality. Pluralism is a world reality that cannot be avoided and rejected. Pluralism itself needs to be considered a gift God gives humans. A pluralistic world provides more color to human life. This requires an attitude of inclusiveness in social life so that humans can avoid harmful conflicts. The attitude of inclusiveness can be found in the universalistic spirit of the two major religions. Catholic Christianity and Islam adhere to universalism in spreading their religious teachings. Almost in every part of the world, we can find adherents of Christianity, Catholicism, and Islam. Universalism in both religious teachings requires everyone to be able to join as a member regardless of ethnic and national background. Inclusiveness in the spirit of the universalism of the two religions is often tarnished by the actions of fundamentalist extremist individuals or groups. The particular group's activities certainly cannot generalize the whole teaching in the religion. However, it can be a warning that the echo of exclusivity needs to be echoed again.

References

Andersen, T. B., & Jensen, P. S. (2019). Preaching democracy: The second Vatican council and the third wave. Journal of Comparative Economics, 47(3), 525–540.

Aquinas, T. (1979). Opera omnia: Compendium theologiae. De articulis fidei ecclesiae sacramentis. Responsio de 108 articulis. Responsio de 43 articulis. Responsio de 36 articulis. Responsio de 6 articulis. Epistola ad ducissam brabantiae. De emptione et venditione ad tempus. Epistola ad Bernardum Abbatem Casinensem. De regno ad Regem Cypri. De secreto sancti Thomae de Aquino; cura et studio fratrum praedicatorum. Editori di San Tommasso.

Arifianto, Y. A., Triposa, R., & Saptorini, S. (2021). Christian perspective on the tolerance of Christian religious education teachers and students in the era of disruption. KURIOS (Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen), 7(2), 381–391.

Cengiz, M., & Karademir, K. (2020). Why Salafi-Jihadist Terrorist Groups Pledge Allegiance to Al Qaeda or Isis. International Journal on Criminology, 7(2), 8–29.

De Mey, P. (2014). The sacramental nature and mission of the Church in Lumen Gentium. International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church, 14(4), 348–361.

del Pozo, B. (2021). Complexity, Lethality, and the Perverse Imagination: Modelling Nonstate Actors’ Means of Attack. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 1–12.

Dewi, R. (2013). Universalisme Islam dan Kosmopolitisme Peradaban. Nurani: Jurnal Kajian Syari’ah Dan Masyarakat, 13(1), 47–67.

Dolven, B., Vaughn, B., Chanlett-Avery, E., Lum, T., & Rollins, J. W. (2018). Terrorism in Southeast Asia. Current Politics and Economics of South, Southeastern, and Central Asia, 27(1/2), 239–284.

Dowd, R. A. (2016). Religious diversity and religious tolerance: lessons from Nigeria. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 60(4), 617–644.

Dugan, L., & Fisher, D. (2022). Far-Right and Jihadi Terrorism within the United States: From September 11th to January 6th. Annual Review of Criminology, 6.

Dulles, A. (1987). The catholicity of the Church. Oxford University Press.

Dulles, A. (1992). John Paul II and the new evangelization. America, 166(3), 52–63.

Ghazali, A. M. (2009). Argumen pluralisme agama: membangun toleransi berbasis al-Qur’an. Kata Kita.

Ichwan, M. N., Salim, A., & Srimulyani, E. (2020). Islam and dormant citizenship: soft religious ethno-nationalism and minorities in Aceh, Indonesia. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 31(2), 215–240.

Igelmo Zaldívar, J., & Lemke Duque, C. A. (2018). Jesuits and education in Spain after the Second Vatican Council: theological renewal and pedagogical innovation. International Studies in Catholic Education, 10(2), 119–131.

Irawan, A. M., & Adnan, Z. (2021). The Ahmadiyya, Blasphemy and Religious Freedom: The Institutional Discourse Analysis of Religious Discrimination in Indonesia. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, 18(1), 79–102.

Jelahu, T. T. (2016). Pembentukan Karakter Katekis dalam Terang Evangelii Gaudium. SEPAKAT-Jurnal Pastoral Kateketik, 3(1), 22–36.

Kozera, C. A., & Popławski, B. (2019). Boko Haram, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, al-Shabaab–Similarities and Differences: An Analysis of the Genesis, Evolution and Strategies of the Islamist Violent Extremist Groups in Africa. NEMZET ÉS BIZTONSÁG: BIZTONSÁGPOLITIKAI SZEMLE, 12(4), 3–13.

Kurzman, C. (2019). Sociologies of Islam. Annual Review of Sociology, 45, 265–277.

Kushner, H. W. (2022). Terrorism in America in the Twenty-First Century: Revisiting My Prognostications. American Behavioral Scientist, 00027642221108938.

Luna, S., & Zoltan, S. (2015). The Rise of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). AARMS–Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science, 14(4), 363–378.

M.Lapidus, I. (2002). A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press.

Mosiri, M. (2018). Universalitas Dan Inklusivitas Islam. Ekomadania: Journal of Islamic Economic and Social, 1(2), 253–270.

Oxford, P. U. (2020). Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries. Oxford University Press.

Putra, I. E., Holtz, P., & Rufaedah, A. (2018). Who is to blame, the victims or the perpetrators? A study to understand a series of violence targeting the accused heretic group Ahmadiyya. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 10(2), 166.

Rahman, M. T. (2021). Sosiologi Islam. Prodi S2 Studi Agama-Agama UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Rahman, M. T., & Saebani, B. A. (2018). Membangun gerakan inklusivisme model jamaah Persatuan Islam. TEMALI: Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial, 1(1), 58–72.

Rekawek, K. (2015). The Rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the New Sunni Revolution/The Islamic State: A Brief Introduction/ISIS: The State of Terror/ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror. The Polish Quarterly of International Affairs, 24(3), 122.

Stewart, W. C., Seiple, C., & Hoover, D. R. (2020). Toward a Global Covenant of Peaceable Neighborhood: Introducing the Philosophy of Covenantal Pluralism. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 18(4), 1–17.

Subkhan, I. (2007). Hiruk Pikuk Wacana Pluralisme di Yogya. Kanisius.

Tampubolon, M., & Aziz, N. A. (2021). Violating Christian Minority Freedom of Religion in Indonesia. The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, 11(1), 235–253.

Tarrant, N. (2022). Defining Nature’s Limits: The Roman Inquisition and the Boundaries of Science. University of Chicago Press.

Thomas, W. (2019). The metamorphosis of the Spanish Inquisition, 1520–1648. In A Companion to Heresy Inquisitions (pp. 198–227). Brill.

Viktorahadi, R. F. B. (2021). Mengoreksi Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus: Dinamika Gagasan Inklusif Gereja dari Abad III sampai Konsili Vatikan II. PT Kanisius.

Downloads

Published

2022-09-19

Issue

Section

Articles