Penerapan Inverse Manufacturing dalam Penanganan Produk Lampu Hemat Energi
Lighting is one of the human basic needs that must be fullfiled. Compact fluorescent lamps is the most used lamp as source of lighting. However, they contain mercury, which is classified as heavy metals, that can potentially harm the environment. Even as mercury container, many people didn't know that. Many people don't know the method to handle the broken or used compact fluorescent lamp. They just dispose the broken compact fluorescent lamp to trash without considering the effect of mercury contained.
Inverse Manufacturing concept is about designing product life cycle that aims to repair and reuse product components so that the negative impact can be reduced and minimized. In this research, the concept of Inverse Manufacturing is applied on handling the compact fluorescent lamp product in Bandung, West Java. The study is begun with designing the Inverse Manufacturing concept’s model by adding the step of collecting back (two scenarios), sorting, repairing, remanufacturing, and recycling into the life cycle of compact fluorescent lamp. The results of recycling rates of 15 Watt compact fluorescent lamp (about 234 grams) starts from the lowest value, and the maximum value are 27,51 % (64,366 grams), and 27,61 % (64,609 grams). By applying this concept, the result are the reduction on the amount of compact fluorescent lamp waste dumped into the environment and the achievement of the conservation of natural resources through the reuse of used components.
Clarkson, T.W., Magos, L., & Myers, G. J. (2003). The toxicology of mercury current exposures and clinical manifestations. The New England Journal of Medicine, 349:1731-7.
Kimura, F. (1999). Life cycle design for inverse manufacturing. International Symposium On Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing EcoDesign. DOI : 10.1109/ECODIM.1999.747754.
Lardinois, I., & Klundert, A., V., D. (1995). Plastic waste. Amsterdam, Belanda : TOOL Publications.
Li, Yadong & Jin, Li. (2011). Environmental release of mercury from broken compact fluorescent lamps. Environmental Engineering Science, 28, 1 5. DOI : 10.1089/ees.2011.0027.
Madu, C. N. (2004). Competing on Quality and Environment. United States of America : Chi Publishers.
Mirdat, Patadungan, Y., S., & Isrun. (2013). Status logam berat merkuri (Hg) dalam tanah pada kawasan pengolahan tambang emas di kelurahan Poboya, Kota Palu. Agrotekbis 1 (2) :127 134.
Sasaki, R., I. (1994). The impact of electronic ballast compact fluorescent lighting on power distribution system. Purdue University School of Electrical Engineering.
Scholand, M. J., & Dillon, H. E. (2012). Life cycle assessment of energy and environmental impacts of led lighting products Part 2 : led manufacturing and performance. Pacific Northwest National & N14 Energy Limited.
Tunsu, C., Retegan, T., & Ekberg, C. (2011). Sustainable processes development for recycling of fluorescent phosphorus powders-rare earths and mercury. Gothenburg, Swedia: Chalmers University of Technology.
Williams, P., T. (2005). Waste Treatment and Disposal. West Sussex, England : Wiley.