• A'an Efendi Faculty of Law, Jember University
  • Dyah Ochtorina Susanti Faculty of Law, Jember University
  • Nuzulia Kumala Sari Faculty of Law, Jember University



consumer protection; genetically engineered food; imbalance of power


As a general observation we can say that there exists imbalance of power between producers and consumers of genetically engineered food. This paper, using a doctrinal legal approach, examines three issues: 1) the rationality of protecting consumers of genetically engineered food, 2) the rights of consumers of genetically engineered food, and 3) the effectiveness of consumer protection for genetically engineered food.  Arguably, the same situation exists between producers and consumers of genetically engineered food. Disparities and power imbalance relating to knowledge, capital – or simply power – determines the answer to those questions above.

Author Biographies

A'an Efendi, Faculty of Law, Jember University

Departemen Hukum Tata Negara

Dyah Ochtorina Susanti, Faculty of Law, Jember University

FH Universitas Jember

Nuzulia Kumala Sari, Faculty of Law, Jember University

FH Universitas Jember



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Peraturan Perundang-undangan:

Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1999 tentang Perlindungan Konsumen (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1999 Nomor42; Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 3821).